The political philosophy of Michel Foucault

Abstract: Foucault clearly saw the bilateral relationship established between the State and citizens. When it is fluid, freedom comes out reinforced, fuel in one direction, production in the other. But Foucault lacks a transdisciplinary methodology on society and his positivist view conceals the gaps between individuals, in particular their propensity to have a social conscience, … Read more

Understanding Surimposium, the integral theory of reality

Abstract: The introduction sets the scene for a Theory of Everything (ToE): the observable, the provable, the root concepts, the limits, the author. Part 1 presents the transcendental thread, the TD principle (soliTary vs soliDary, whole vs part). From this principle is deduced the fundamental framework of reality, the complex variety, endowed with two dimensions, … Read more

Do we own our genetic characteristics?

Abstract: An abyss separates Westerners who consider themselves owners of their genetic characteristics and Melanesians who already have almost no sense of personal property, much less genetic property. Who is ethically positioned correctly? It all depends on the importance given to the collective. The Western posture shows to what extent collectivism has deteriorated in our … Read more

What role for philosophy in front of science?

Abstract: Of the two directions of thought, complexification and decomplexification, only one is necessary for the everyday use of science, while both are imperative for the more difficult exercise of philosophy. A matter subject to reductionism There are two directions of thinking: complexification and decomplexification, also called reductionism. These two directions are present in philosophy … Read more

Lowe’s ontology vs Surimposium

Lowe is famous author of an ontology with 4 categories: substantial universals (kinds), non-substantial universals (properties), individual substances (objects), instantiations of properties (modes). This classification is not satisfactory, leading to dualism and insoluble questions —why these 4 categories? Surimposium approaches ontology much more simply by placing it in the complex dimension. In summary: Properties are … Read more

Publication of ‘Societarium’

Societarium is published today, in paper and epub format. This book brings together sociology and politics articles published on this blog, organized around the two main ones: A universal political system and Can we do without hierarchy? The whole is a manifesto argued against a blind participatory democracy and for an inclusive social re-hierarchization, which … Read more

How do you really assess animal suffering?

Abstract: Between the sterile positions of the denigration of animal suffering and the human-animal analogism, the truth is that the experience of suffering is strictly individual and connoted “atrocious” according to moral rather than physical criteria. Exacerbated animal suffering is our neglected human suffering. Pain sensors are universal, not what feels them How do you … Read more

It is top-down causation that is fundamental

Abstract: The errors of top-down/teleological causality make one think that only the bottom-up/ontological has fundamental value. It is however the first which is entirely creative of our mental scenes, including by lending to reality per se its models, without having direct access to it. Bottom-up causality is fundamentally constitutive of our reality, which hovers over … Read more


Abstract: Hierarchy is one of the main threads of this blog. It allows to walk through the complex dimension. All the subjects are delimited and linked to the others. The hierarchy here founds both a general theory of reality (Surimposium) and a general philosophical method inspired by it (UniPhiM). A first article, ‘Complexity explodes in … Read more