Abstract: Hierarchy is one of the main threads of this blog. It allows to walk through the complex dimension. All the subjects are delimited and linked to the others. The hierarchy here founds both a general theory of reality (Surimposium) and a general philosophical method inspired by it (UniPhiM). A first article, ‘Complexity explodes in neural networks‘, describes the general organization of the complex dimension, from physics to sociology. The following articles are grouped by sections of the complex dimension: sociology/politics, mental/neural, biochemical, physical.
- 1 Hierarchy and representation in politics
- 2 The hierarchy in the mind
- 3 The hierarchy in ecology
Surimposium is a hierarchical theory of reality, based on the complex dimension. This dimension contains a multitude of levels of information, from matter to mind. Material levels are easy to individualize. They found the disciplines of physical, chemical and biological sciences. The virtual levels of the mental, which pursue the complex dimension in the neural exchanges, are less visible and therefore less individualized: they found the representations or concepts, grouped in the large sections of the mental which are the unconscious, the conscious and the superego ( self observer). I detail the sequence of sections of the complex dimension, from the Quantum to the Societarium, which oversees our individual existences in the mind.
Hierarchy and representation in politics
The first articles show the consequences of a blind challenge to the hierarchy, like the antivax movement. Society becomes an octopus with a destroyed central brain. The tentacles move on their own, without consultation. Each runs after a fish, missing them all. The body eventually dies. Short-term solution: keep the hierarchy but base it on regularly assessed skills, make it permeable to new talents, register a counter-power at each level.
The future ? Better integrate the hierarchy in everyone’s mind. Reclaim some of the power currently delegated to specialists. Become a real collective of managers with not identical but comparable means. Such a project requires significant resources that we currently do not have. Lack of mental space. Lack of time to develop all the solutions, make a relevant personal summary even with specialists. Problem of self-assessment, our inner judge always tending to overestimate our abilities. For now, the collective remains more efficient by dedicating specialized tasks to the most outstanding brains and by aligning the others with their consensus.
The hierarchy challenged radically. Democracy turned into anarchy. Direct and indirect deaths (caused by the closure of public debate following antivax radicalism).
Ukraine between Russian autocratic drift and European anarchic drift. The collapse of the power of democracies through the contestation of hierarchies.
Why representing and represented are two different actors, and why they create a third one… To be represented is to vote for the one who aligns the lies to please us? Is this how one builds the fusion with the chosen one whom I call the third accomplice? Then becoming our own representative does not mean proclaiming the same requirement with a reinforced claim, it means integrating compromise into our requirement, carrying out the work of organization with contradictory demands.
The central article. How can we exercise our power without an administrative hierarchy? Is real participatory democracy possible? The rigid hierarchy shields the power of the voters, but its dissolution turns the crowd into a mass of lemmings hurtling over the precipice when they choose the wrong Pied Piper. An uneducated person aware of her limits is less dangerous than a scientist unaware of hers. But the evaluation of the hierarchical elites must be done by the elites of the same level. And to coordinate all of this: a nexialist.
Does our contemporary society need a government or can it do without it? Commentary on a debate between Catherine Malabou and Jean-Claude Monod in 2023.
The hierarchy in the mind
To appropriate the hierarchy is first to acquire a vertical thought. We tend to juxtapose subjects, make them a horizontal puzzle, using a uniform method, whereas each subject deserves its own method. These are hierarchical and linked by common foundations. Knowing them is essential if you want to create your own method and original opinions. Moving on to a more general vision of hierarchy by showing that it is inherent in our way of thinking, that flattening it causes disarray in the face of the multitude of subjects vying for priority, a disarray that we mask with peremptory opinions. Vertical thinking is necessary to connect horizontal knowledge, specific to each discipline.
The vertical thinking in our mind is a hierarchy between the complex and the simple, a dialogue between self and not-self, between our consciousness as an identity experience and the world as a constitution. This dialogue determines two directions: 1) Bottom-up thinking, from the constitution towards the proven result, which must be made consensual with the world per se. 2) Top-down thinking, from our identity pool to the world, which must be expanded and diversified in order to strengthen our unique qualities. Causality is not equivalent in these two directions. Control in one direction, feedback in the other.
Sperber understood the need for a hierarchy of representations to explain the particularities of human reason, to make its junction with the animal, instead of reducing it to specific mental functions of our species. Summary and critique by this little-known but particularly relevant author on the use of human reason in major social problems.
See as well:
The hierarchy in ecology
Ecology intersects with several of the complexity sections discussed earlier. These articles deal more generally with the place of humans in the world: